Mexico City was built on the site of the magnificent Aztec capital, Tenochitlan. When the Spanish arrived in 1519, they were amazed at the sight of Tenochtitlan, a large city situated on an island in a glittering lake.
Walk down Paseo de la Reforma - Starting at Chapultepec Park, take a long stroll down this wide tree-lined boulevard, inspired by the Champs Elysees in Paris. The boulevard is punctuated with different monuments, starting with a large fountain, Fuente de Diana Cazadora. The next monument is the Monumento a la Independencia (El Angel), a tall column with an angel on top. The Monumento a Cuauhtemoc commemorates the last Aztec emperor. The last monument, Monumento a Cristobal Colon, is in honor of Christopher Columbus.
Tip: The Mexico City subway is a great way to get around the city. The Metro is fast, modern and some stations have bits of Aztec ruins. When you take taxis in Mexico City, only take ones from marked taxi stands (or have your hotel call a taxi). Don't hail any old taxi off the street.
Markets (Mercados) - Peruse the markets for an amazing array of handicrafts, such as the Mercado La Lagunilla, Mercado de Artesanias, Plaza de la Ciudadela, Mercado San Juan. Stop in the Bazaar Sabado (Plaza, San Jacinto, San Angel) on Saturdays.